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Fundamental Concepts Of Geometry
1.
The word "Geometry" has been devived from two Greek words "Geo" & (____________).
a) Logic
b) Matron
c) Meter
d) Egyption
2.
The word Geometry means the measurement of _________________.
a) Euclid
b) Earth
c) Logic
d) Egyption
3.
___________ were the pioneers of Geometry.
a) Demonstrative Geometry
b) Logic
c) Egyption
d) Euclid
4.
The Greeks constructed the knowledge of Geometry on the basis of ______________.
a) Logic
b) Euclid
c) Centre
d) Demonstrative Geometry
5.
The most important work in Geometry was done by ______________.
a) Square
b) Euclid
c) Demonstrative Geometry
d) Centre
6.
In _______________ the proof of the theorems are based on logic.
a) Centre
b) Demonstrative Geometry
c) Rhombus
d) Square
7.
The diameter of a circle is such a diagonal which passes through the ______________.
a) Parallel
b) Rhombus
c) Centre
d) Square
8.
______________ is a quadrilateral; that all of its four sides are congruent.
a) Rhombus
b) Square
c) Angle
d) Parallel
9.
______________ is a quadrilateral, that all of its four sides are congruent but not all angles are congruent.
a) Angle
b) Parallel
c) Rhombus
d) Adjacent Angle
10.
Parallelogram is such a quadrilateral that its opposite sides are ______________ and congruent.
a) Parallel
b) Angle
c) Basic Assumption
d) Adjacent Angle
11.
The two rays with a common end point is called_______________.
a) Two distincts
b) Adjacent Angle
c) Angle
d) Basic Assumption
12.
If two angles at a point have their middle arm common are called _________ angles.
a) Two distincts
b) Infinite
c) Adjacent Angle
d) Basic Assumption
13.
In demonstrative geometry statements are accepted true without reasons. These are called______________.
a) Two distincts
b) Intersects
c) Infinite
d) Basic Assumption
14.
The assumptions are of ___________ types.
a) Four
b) Two
c) Three
d) One
15.
There is one and only one line that can pass through __________ points.
a) Two distincts
b) Intersects
c) Infinite
d) Line
16.
____________ numbers of lines can be drawn through one point.
a) Intersects
b) Line
c) Infinite
d) Bisected
17.
Two lines can __________ each others at one point only.
a) Bisected
b) Line
c) Intersects
d) Ray
18.
A ____________ can be extended on both sides to a desired limit.
a) Ray
b) Line
c) Bisected
d) Perpendicular
19.
A line segment can be __________ at one and only one point.
a) Bisected
b) Perpendicular
c) Collinear
d) Ray
20.
an angle can be bisected by one & only one ______________.
a) Perpendicular
b) Supplementary
c) Collinear
d) Ray
21.
From a point, one & only one __________ can be drawn upon a line segment.
a) Supplementary
b) Perpendicular
c) Single Line
d) Collinear
22.
If two adjacent angles are supplementary, then the uncommon arms are _________.
a) Supplementary
b) Supplementary
c) Collinear
d) Single Line
23.
If the uncommon arms of two adjacent angles are collinear, then these angles are called ____________ angles.
a) Complementry
b) Supplementary
c) Single Line
d) Adjecent
24.
Two intersecting lines are not parallel to a______________.
a) Single Line
b) Double
c) Supplementary
25.
The sum of the measure of three angles of a triangle is _____________.
a) 180
^{o}
b) 360
^{o}
c) 270
^{o}
d) 90
^{o}
26.
Greeks were the pioneers of Geometry.
a) True
b) False
27.
In demonstrative Geometry the proofs of the theorem are based on logic.
a) True
b) False
28.
Greeks done the most important work in the field of Geometry.
a) False
b) True
29.
The line passes through the centre of the circle is called radius.
a) False
b) True
30.
Trapeziums a quadrilateral that all of it sides are parallel to each other.
a) True
b) False
31.
Finite number of lines can be drawn through one point.
a) False
b) True
32.
Two lines can intersect each other at two points.
a) True
b) False
33.
A line segment has two end points.
a) False
b) True
34.
If two adjacent angles are supplementary, then their uncommon arms are collinear.
a) False
b) True
35.
Two intersecting lines are not parallel to a single line.
a) False
b) True
36.
In deductive method, we reach the conclusion from general to a particular principal.
a) True
b) False
37.
The condition to prove a theorem is called sound reasons.
a) False
b) True
38.
The passage of describing geometrical theorem in words is called its statement.
a) True
b) False
39.
The sum of the angles of quadrilateral is 360
^{o}
.
a) True
b) False
40.
If the two sides in a triangle are congruent, then , their opposite angles are not congruent.
a) False
b) True
41.
Every theorem have its converse.
a) True
b) False
42.
If two lines intersect each other, then the vertical angles are congruent.
a) True
b) False
43.
To separate the elements of some thing is called analysis.
a) True
b) False
44.
The use of the methods analytic and synthesis is called the Analysis - Synthesis method.
a) True
b) False
45.
The side opposite to right angle is called perpendicular.
a) False
b) True
46.
To prove the realities logically, we learn ________ methods of logical reasoning.
a) none of them.
b) 4
c) 3
d) 2
47.
In deductive reasons some realities are accepted without any ____________.
a) Proof
b) Figure
c) Result
d) Statement
48.
The conditions to prove a theorem are called _______________ reasons.
a) Sound
b) Assumption
c) Inductive
d) Aeductive
49.
The theorems of geometry which are proved with the help of logical reasons are called ________ theorems.
a) Geometrical
b) Logarithmical
c) Mathematical
d) Algebraically
50.
The results deducted directly from the theorems are called _____________.
a) Hypothesis
b) Corollaries
c) Conclusions
d) Assumptions
51.
The passage of describing geometrical theorems in words is called its _____________.
a) Proof
b) Statement
c) Figure
d) Given
52.
In the light of statement, the complete drawing of all geometrical concepts is called _________.
a) To Prove
b) Figure
c) None of them
d) Definition
53.
Every theorem do not have its __________.
a) Reason
b) Converse
c) Given
d) Figure
54.
If the two sides in a triangle are congruent, then there ______________ are also congruent.
a) Medians
b) Altitude
c) Opposite Angles
d) Sides
55.
If the two angles in a triangle are congruent, then there ____________ are also congruent.
a) Opposite Sides
b) Altitude
c) None of them
d) Opposite Angles
56.
The most important thing in demonstrative theorem is ______________.
a) To prove
b) Figure
c) Given
d) Proof
57.
To separate the elements of some thing is called its ______________.
a) Contrary
b) Conclusion
c) Analysis
d) None of them
58.
Line-segment has ___________ end points.
a) Three
b) One
c) No end point
d) 2
59.
If the sum of two angles is 90
^{o}
, they are called ___________ angles.
a) Vertical
b) Adjacent
c) Complementary
d) Supplementary
60.
In a right-angles triangle side opposite to a right angle is called _____________.
a) Medians
b) Perpendicular
c) Base
d) hypotenuse
61.
Any triangle has _____________ elements.
a) 5
b) 4
c) 6
d) 3
62.
In theorems addition in figure is called _____________.
a) result
b) reason
c) Proof
d) Construction
63.
Points which are not lie on a same line are called ______________.
a) End points
b) Non-collinear
c) Collinear Points
d) Common Points
64.
In an isosceles triangle _________ sides are congruent.
a) All
b) 3
c) 2
d) None of them
65.
Basic assumptions for numbers which are used in all the branches of mathematics are called _______________.
a) Postulates
b) Theorems
c) Axioms
d) Figures
66.
Right angled triangle
a) Two end point
b) Euclid
c) Isosceles triangle
d) Hypotenuse
67.
Line
a) Quad lateral
b) No end Points
c) Euclid
d) Hypotenuse
68.
Base Angles are Congruent
a) Isosceles triangle
b) Musa Al Khawazim
c) No end Points
d) Two end point.
69.
Rhombus
a) Euclid
b) Isosceles triangle
c) Quadrilateral
d) Hypotenuse
70.
Re-knowned Greek Mathematician
a) Euclid
b) Isosceles triangle
c) Musa Al Khawazim
d) No end Points
71.
Addition in the figure
a) Synthesis
b) Construction
c) Analysis
d) Corollaries
72.
To separate the element of some thing
a) Synthesis
b) Corollaries
c) Analysis.
d) Converse.
73.
Statement accepted true with out reasons
a) Basic Assumptions
b) Analysis.
c) Construction
d) Given
74.
Unification of elements
a) Corollaries
b) Basic Assumptions
c) Synthesis
d) Construction
75.
Results deduced directly from theoem
a) Converse.
b) Corollaries
c) Synthesis
d) Basic Assumptions
76.
Supplementary Angles
a) Greater than 90
^{o}
b) Less than 90
^{o}
c) 180
^{o}
d) Sum of two angle is 90
^{o}
77.
Complementary Angle
a) Greater than 180
^{o}
b) Sum of 360
^{o}
c) 90
^{o}
d) Equal to 90
^{o}
78.
Acute Angle
a) Sum of two angle is 180
^{o}
b) Greater than 90
^{o}
c) Equal to 90
^{o}
d) Less than 90
^{o}
79.
Obtuse Angle
a) Greater than 180
^{o}
b) Greaterthan90
^{o}
c) Less than 90
^{o}
d) Equal to 90
^{o}
80.
Right Angle
a) Greater than 180
^{o}
b) Equal to 90
^{o}
c) Sum of 360
^{o}
d) Sum of two angle is 180
^{o}
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